Extending our eyes and ears into the system allows for better management and control. Improved operations can reduce costs while improving the overall performance of the system. Smart hydrants as an example can act as communications gateways for meter reading and leak detection, can meter usage of the hydrant as well as notify the company of unauthorized access. Smart valves can monitor pressure and flow and notify the utility of their current state; open or closed. Smart backflow preventers can alert the customer and/or utility before they fail eliminating possible contamination of the potable water supply.